(2020) 29,145,505
Greg Abbott (Republican)
Date Of Admission:
Dec. 29, 1845
U.S. Senators:
John Cornyn (Republican)
Ted Cruz (Republican)

, constituent state of the U.s. of America. It became the 28th country of the union in 1845. Texas occupies the south-central segment of the land and is the largest state in surface area except for Alaska. The state extends near 1,000 miles (1,600 km) from north to south and about the aforementioned distance from east to west.

H2o delineates many of its borders. The wriggling course of the Red River makes up the eastern ii-thirds of Texas’south boundary with Oklahoma to the due north, while the remainder of the northern purlieus is the Panhandle, which juts north, forming a counterpart in the western office of that land. The Sabine River forms most of the boundary with Louisiana to the east, where by state it is bounded by Arkansas as well. The crescent-shaped coastline of the Gulf of Mexico lies to the southeast, and the Rio Grande carves a shallow channel that separates Texas from United mexican states to the southwest. The state of New Mexico lies to the westward.
Austin, in the due south-cardinal part of the state, is the capital.

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The vastness and diversity of Texas are evident in well-nigh all aspects of its physical features, economy, history, and cultural life. The territory of Texas was office of the Spanish Empire for more than a century. It was so part of the new country of Mexico from 1821 to 1836, when it gained its independence, and had a short-lived existence as a republic before joining the Union. The prototype of Texas was that of a raw and lawless frontier when information technology relinquished its independence to become a state. Although Texans withal identify strongly with their cowboy heritage, the state’south image of Texas inverse dramatically over the form of the 20th century; present-twenty-four hour period Texas is known for its great agricultural wealth, major oil and natural gas production, industry and finance, huge urban centres that foster a cosmopolitan cultural life, and seemingly unending stretches of high prairie and ranges devoted to cattle and cotton.

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The name of the land derives from the Caddo discussion
thecas, pregnant “allies” or “friends.” (The Spanish spelled the word
and used it to depict the area where this Native American tribe lived.) Texas is unremarkably divided into East and W, although the dividing line betwixt the two is cryptic. Generally, though, East Texas has a wet climate and is characterized by cotton and by ties to the Onetime South, while West Texas is dry and is known for cattle ranching and an analogousness with the Due west. Area 268,597 square miles (695,662 square km). Population (2020) 29,145,505.



Texas comprises a serial of vast regions, from the fertile and densely populated
Coastal Plains in the southeast to the high plains and mountains in the w and northwest. Stretching inland from the Gulf Coast, the Coastal Plains, encompassing well-nigh two-fifths of the state’south state expanse, range from sea level to virtually 1,000 feet (300 metres) in elevation. These flat, low prairies extend inland to form a fertile crescent that is well adapted to farming and cattle raising. Almost the coast much land is marshy, almost swamp, except where drained by man-made devices.

The Littoral Plains ends at the Balcones Escarpment, where tremors have occurred. Northwest of this fault, the land extends into the Texas
Hill Country and into the tablelands of the Edwards Plateau to the s and the
North Central Plains to the due north. The entire region varies from about 750 to 2,500 feet (200 to 750 metres) above body of water level, and farming and livestock raising constitute the basic economy. In Hill Country there are small industries and recreational areas.

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The North Plains subdivision, centred on Amarillo, depends on grain farming, ranching, oil, and small industries. The South Plains subdivision, with Lubbock equally the principal urban center, has large underground water reservoirs that allow large-scale irrigated cotton fiber farming.

At the western edge of the N Central Plains lies the
Caprock Escarpment, an outcropping of rock that stretches to the north and south for about 200 miles (320 km). Beyond that escarpment lies the 3rd largest region of Texas, the
High Plains land, and to the southward lies the Trans-Pecos region.

From the High Plains country of West Texas emerged many of the legends of Texas weather condition and of the Texas cowboy. On these plains, sandstorms are common. Many wide, flat riverbeds in the region remain dry nearly of the year, but they can become sluiceways for flash floods. In this region lies the flat, dry area known equally the
Llano Estacado (“Staked Apparently”). Co-ordinate to legend, when traveling through the region in the mid-16th century, the Spanish expedition from New Kingdom of spain (Mexico) led by Francisco Vázquez de Coronado laid down stakes to serve every bit guides for the render trip. Even Native Americans hesitated to venture across these lands.

The state’south most rugged terrain lies to the west of the Pecos River. Trailing downward from the Rocky Mountains, the Guadalupe Mountains pb into Big Curve country, whose name is derived from a bend in the Rio Grande. The highest meridian in Texas is
Guadalupe Superlative, which rises to eight,749 anxiety (two,667 metres) higher up sea level. Much of the native ruggedness of the region is preserved in Big Bend National Park.

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