Clan of Tennis Professionals
Sport Professional tennis
Abridgement ATP
Founded September 1972; 49 years ago
 (1972-09)
Location Britain (HQ)
Monaco
United States
Australia
Chairman
Italy

Andrea Gaudenzi
CEO
Italy

Massimo Calvelli
Official website
www.atptour.com
Electric current flavor:
2022 ATP Tour

The
Association of Tennis Professionals
(ATP) is the governing trunk of the men’s professional lawn tennis circuits – the ATP Tour, the ATP Challenger Tour and the ATP Champions Tour.

It was formed in September 1972 past Donald Dell, Jack Kramer, and Cliff Drysdale to protect the interests of professional tennis players, and Drysdale became the offset President. Since 1990, the clan has organized the
ATP Tour, the worldwide tennis tour for men and linked the title of the tour with the organisation’due south name. It is the governing body of men’southward professional lawn tennis. In 1990 the arrangement was called the
ATP Tour, which was renamed in 2001 equally just
ATP
and the tour existence called ATP Tour. In 2009 the proper noun of the tour was inverse once again and was known every bit the
ATP World Tour, but changed again to the
ATP Bout
past 2019.[1]
It is an evolution of the tour competitions previously known as Chiliad Prix lawn tennis tournaments and Earth Title Tennis (WCT).The ATP’south global headquarters are in London. ATP Americas is based in Ponte Vedra Embankment, Florida; ATP Europe is headquartered in Monaco; and ATP International, which covers Africa, Asia and Australasia, is based in Sydney, Australia.

Early history

[edit]

Started in 1972 past Jack Kramer, Donald Dell, and Cliff Drysdale, information technology was outset managed past Jack Kramer, as executive director, and Cliff Drysdale, as president. Jim McManus was a founding member.[2]
Kramer created the professional players’ rankings system, which started the following year and is still in use. From 1974 to 1989, the men’s circuit was administered by a sub-committee called the
Men’s International Professional Tennis Quango (MIPTC). It was fabricated up of representatives of the International Tennis Federation (ITF), the ATP, and tournament directors from around the world. The ATP successfully requested that the MIPTC introduce a drug testing rule, making tennis the first professional sport to institute a drug-testing program.

1973 Wimbledon boycott

[edit]

In May 1973 Nikola Pilić, Yugoslavia’due south number 1 lawn tennis thespian, was suspended by his national lawn lawn tennis association, who claimed he had refused to play in a Davis Cup tie for his country before that month.[three]
The initial suspension of 9 months, supported past the International Lawn Lawn tennis Federation (ILTF), was afterward reduced by the ILTF to 1 month which meant that Pilic would not be allowed to play at Wimbledon.[4]

In response the ATP threatened a boycott, stating that if Pilić was non immune to compete none should. After concluding-ditch attempts at a compromise failed the ATP voted in favor of a cold-shoulder and every bit a event 81 of the top players, including reigning champion Stan Smith and 13 of the sixteen men’southward seeds, did non compete at the 1973 Wimbledon Championships.[v]
[6]
3 ATP players, Ilie Năstase, Roger Taylor and Ray Keldie defied the boycott and were fined by the ATP’southward disciplinary committee.[four]

1988 breakaway

[edit]

Only the bout was however run past the tournament directors and the ITF. The limited player representation and influence within the Men’s International Professional person Tennis Quango (MIPTC) likewise as dissatisfaction with the style the sport was managed and marketed culminated in a player mutiny in 1988 led past active tennis pros including and so world Number 1 ranked Mats Wilander which inverse the entire construction of the tour.[7]

ATP Tour

[edit]

CEO Hamilton Jordan is credited with the “Parking Lot Press Conference” on 26 August 1988 during which the ATP announced their withdrawal from the MIPTC (and so chosen the MTC) and the creation of their own tour from 1990 onwards.[2]
[8]
[nine]
[10]
This re-system likewise ended a lawsuit with Volvo and Donald Dell.[eleven]
On 19 January 1989 the ATP published the calendar for the countdown 1990 season.[12]

By 1991, the men had their first television package to broadcast 19 tournaments.[2]
Coming online with their commencement website in 1995, this was followed by a multi-twelvemonth agreement with Mercedes-Benz. Lawsuits in 2008, effectually virtually the aforementioned issues, resulted in a restructured tour.[13]

2009 changes

[edit]

In 2009, ATP introduced a new tour construction called ATP Globe Bout consisting of ATP World Bout Masters m, ATP World Bout 500, and ATP World Tour 250 tier tournaments.[14]
[15]
Broadly speaking, the Tennis Masters Series tournaments became the new Masters chiliad level and ATP International Series Gold and ATP International Series events became ATP 500 level and 250 level events respectively.

The
Masters 1000
tournaments are Indian Wells, Miami, Monte Carlo, Madrid, Rome, Toronto/Montreal, Cincinnati, Shanghai and Paris. The cease-of-twelvemonth event, the ATP Finals, moved from Shanghai to London. Hamburg has been displaced past the new clay court upshot at Madrid, which is a new combined men’south and women’due south tournament. In 2011, Rome and Cincinnati also became combined tournaments. Astringent sanctions are placed on tiptop players skipping the Masters k series events, unless medical proof is presented.

Plans to eliminate Monte Carlo and Hamburg equally Masters Series events led to controversy and protests from players too every bit organisers. Hamburg and Monte Carlo filed lawsuits against the ATP,[16]
and as a concession it was decided that Monte Carlo would remain a Masters g level issue, with more than prize money and 1000 ranking points, simply it would no longer be a compulsory tournament for acme-ranked players. Monte Carlo afterwards dropped its conform. Hamburg was “reserved” to go a 500 level event in the summer.[17]
Hamburg did non take this concession, but later lost its adjust.[18]

The
500
level tournaments are Rotterdam, Dubai, Rio, Acapulco, Barcelona, Aegon Championships (Queens Club, London), Halle (Gerry Weber Open), Hamburg, Washington, Beijing, Tokyo, Basel and Vienna.

The ATP & ITF take alleged that Davis Loving cup Earth Grouping and World Group Playoffs award a full of up to 500 points. Players accumulate points over the four rounds and the playoffs and these are counted equally one of a player’s four best results from the
500
level events. An additional 125 points are given to a thespian who wins all 8 live rubbers and wins the Davis Cup.[19]

ATP Bout tournaments

[edit]

The ATP Tour comprises ATP Masters 1000, ATP 500, and ATP 250. The ATP also oversees the ATP Challenger Bout, a level below the ATP Tour, and the ATP Champions Tour for seniors. Grand Slam tournaments, a small portion of the Olympic lawn tennis tournament, the Davis Cup, the Hopman Cup and the introductory level Futures tournaments practise non fall nether the auspices of the ATP, but are overseen past the ITF instead and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) for the Olympics. In these events, however, ATP ranking points are awarded, with the exception of the Olympics and Hopman Loving cup. The four-week ITF Satellite tournaments were discontinued in 2007.

Players and doubles teams with the well-nigh ranking points (collected during the calendar year) play in the flavour-ending ATP Finals, which, from 2000 to 2008, was run jointly with the International Tennis Federation (ITF). The details of the professional lawn tennis bout are:

Event Number Total prize money (USD) Winner’s ranking points Governing torso
Thousand Slam 4 See individual articles 2,000 ITF
ATP Finals 1 4,450,000 1,100–1,500 ATP (2009–present)
ATP Tour Masters yard 9 2,450,000 to iii,645,000 chiliad ATP
ATP Bout 500 13 755,000 to two,100,000 500 ATP
ATP Bout 250 40 416,000 to 1,024,000 250 ATP
ATP Challenger Tour 178 35,000 to 168,000 80 to 125 ATP
ITF Men’s Circuit 534 15,000 and 25,000 10 to 20 ITF
Olympics 1 See individual articles IOC

ATP Rankings

[edit]

ATP publishes weekly rankings of professional players:
ATP Rankings
(commonly known as the ‘world rankings’), a 52-calendar week rolling ranking, and the
ATP Race to London, a yr to appointment ranking.[xx]
All ATP players also take a Universal Tennis Rating, based on head-to-head results.

The ATP Rankings is used for determining qualification for entry and seeding in all tournaments for both singles and doubles. Within the ATP Rankings period consisting of the past year, points are accumulated, with the exception of those for the ATP Finals, whose points are dropped following the last ATP upshot of the yr. The player with the most points by the season’south stop is the world No. 1 of the year.

The ATP Rankings Race To London is a calendar-yr indicator of what the Emirates ATP Rankings volition be on the Monday after the stop of the regular season. Players finishing in the top eight of the Emirates ATP Rankings following the Paris Masters will qualify for the ATP Finals.

At the offset of the 2009 flavour, all accumulated ranking points were doubled to bring them in line with the new tournament ranking system.

Current rankings

[edit]

Organizational construction

[edit]

As of January 1, 2020, Andrea Gaudenzi is the Chairman of ATP[23]
and Massimo Calvelli is the Chief Executive Officer.[24]
Marking Immature is the Vice Chairman, David Massey is the Executive Vice President for the European region and Alison Lee for the International group.[25]

The
ATP Board of Directors
includes the Chairman, forth with three tournament representatives and iii histrion representatives. The player representatives are elected by the ATP Thespian Council.[26]
The current board members are:

  • Chairman: Andrea Gaudenzi
  • Player representatives
    • Americas region: Mark Knowles
    • European region: Alex Inglot
    • International region: David Egdes
  • Tournament representatives
    • Americas region: Gavin Forbes
    • European region: Herwig Straka
    • International region: Charles Humphrey Smith

The 12-member
ATP Role player Council
delivers informational decisions to the Board of Directors, which has the power to accept or reject the council’southward suggestions. Every bit of Oct 12, 2020, the Council consists of four players who are ranked inside the top 50 in singles (Kevin Anderson – President, Rafael Nadal, Felix Auger-Aliassime, John Millman), two players who are ranked between 51 and 100 in singles (Yen-Hsun Lu and Jeremy Chardy), two top 100 players in doubles (Jürgen Melzer and Bruno Soares), two at-large members (Andy Murray and Roger Federer), 1 alumni member (Colin Dowdeswell), and one coach, Brad Stine.[27]
[28]
[29]

The
ATP Tournament Council
consists of a full of 13 members, of which five are representatives from the European region, forth with iv representatives from both the Americas and the International Grouping of tournaments.[26]

Meet also

[edit]

  • International Tennis Federation
  • ATP Challenger Bout
  • ATP Rankings
  • Listing of ATP number 1 ranked singles tennis players
  • List of ATP number 1 ranked doubles tennis players
  • ATP Awards
  • ATP Bout records
  • Grand Prix Tennis Circuit
  • Earth Championship Tennis
  • ATP Champions Tour
  • Grand Slam (lawn tennis)
  • Women’southward Tennis Association
  • Tennis Integrity Unit
  • International Tennis Integrity Agency

References

[edit]


  1. ^


    Tandon Kamakshi (November 6, 2008). “Posing 10 ATP questions for 2009”.
    ESPN.


  2. ^


    a




    b




    c




    “How it all began”. ATP. Retrieved
    2013-04-11
    .



  3. ^


    “Davis Loving cup Results”. ITF. Retrieved
    23 July
    2012
    .


  4. ^


    a




    b




    John Barrett, ed. (1974).
    World of Tennis ’74. London: Queen Anne. pp. 15–17, 45–47. ISBN978-0362001686.



  5. ^


    “Wimbledon faces 2004 boycott”. BBC. 23 June 2004. Retrieved
    23 July
    2012
    .



  6. ^


    “The History of the Championships”. AELTC. Archived from the original on 27 June 2011. Retrieved
    20 July
    2012
    .



  7. ^


    Christine Brennan (December ix, 1988). “Men’southward tennis in limbo”.
    The Washington Postal service.



  8. ^


    James Buddell (August 14, 2013). “The Tour Built-in in a Parking Lot – Role I”. ATP.


  9. ^


    Dwyre, Bill (2008-05-27). “Jordan used political skills to help lawn tennis”.
    LA Times
    . Retrieved
    2018-02-07
    .



  10. ^


    Frank Riley (2004-03-22). “The Formation of the Woman’s Tennis Association”. Inside Lawn tennis. Archived from the original on October 3, 2011. Retrieved
    2009-06-07
    .



  11. ^


    “Volvo five. MIPTC five. Volvo, Dell 1988”. 1988. Archived from the original on 2010-05-15. Retrieved
    2009-06-07
    .



  12. ^


    James Buddell (August fourteen, 2013). “The Tour Born in a Parking Lot – Part II”. ATP.


  13. ^


    “Court in Session: Hamburg, ATP go to trial”. Lawn tennis.com. 2008-07-23. Archived from the original on 2009-x-26.


  14. ^


    “ATP Unveils New Pinnacle Tier Of Events for 2009”. Tenniswire.com. 31 August 2007. Archived from the original on 22 May 2011. Retrieved
    5 September
    2012
    .



  15. ^


    “ATP Unveils 2009, 2010 & 2011 Tour Calendars”. ATP. 30 August 2008. Retrieved
    v September
    2012
    .



  16. ^


    “ATP Violates Antitrust Laws, Lawsuit Alleges”. 9 April 2007. Archived from the original on April 30, 2008.


  17. ^


    “Hamburg listed amid second-tier events for 2009 flavor”. 4 Oct 2007.


  18. ^


    “ATP wins crucial anti-trust case”.
    BBC News. 2008-08-06. Retrieved
    2010-04-25
    .



  19. ^


    “ATPtennis.com – ITF and ATP Denote Dates and Ranking Points for Davis Loving cup past BNP Paribas”. Archived from the original on 2008-11-22.


  20. ^


    “Frequently Asked Questions”. ATP Tour.


  21. ^


    “Current ATP Rankings (Singles)”. Association of Tennis Professionals.


  22. ^


    “Current ATP Rankings (Doubles)”. Association of Lawn tennis Professionals.


  23. ^


    “ATP Appoints Andrea Gaudenzi As ATP Chairman”.
    ATP Tour. ATP. Retrieved
    12 January
    2020
    .



  24. ^


    “ATP Appoints Massimo Calvelli As ATP Principal Executive Officer”.
    ATP Tour. ATP. Retrieved
    12 Jan
    2020
    .



  25. ^

    ATPTour.com. “Management”
  26. ^


    a




    b




    “Organizational structure”. ATP Bout. Retrieved
    xiii December
    2018
    .



  27. ^


    “Structure | ATP Globe Tour | Tennis”.
    ATP Bout
    . Retrieved
    2018-11-13
    .



  28. ^


    “Nadal, Federer, Melzer Join ATP Player Quango”.
    ATP Tour
    . Retrieved
    2019-08-09
    .



  29. ^


    “Murray, Felix Amid Four New ATP Player Council Representatives”.
    ATP Tour. Archived from the original on 2013-08-19. Retrieved
    2020-10-12
    .


External links

[edit]


  • Official website
  • ATP rankings
  • ATP tournament calendar
  • ATP official rulebook



Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Association_of_Tennis_Professionals

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