Popularity of Cricket in Bharat

Cricket in India
Country India
Governing body Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI)
National squad(s) Men
Women
U-xix
First played 1721[1]
Clubs 38 (First class)
10 (IPL)

National competitions

List

  • First Grade Cricket

    • Ranji Bays
    • Duleep Bays
    • Irani Trophy

    List A Cricket

    • Vijay Hazare Bays
    • Deodhar Trophy

    T20 Cricket

    • Syed Mushtaq Ali Trophy

Order competitions

  • Indian Premier League

International competitions

List

    • ICC World Test Championship
    • ICC Cricket Globe Loving cup
    • ICC World Twenty20
    • ICC Champions Bays
    • Asia Loving cup
    • Women’due south Cricket Earth Loving cup
    • ICC Women’south Earth Twenty20
    • Under xix Cricket World Cup

Audience records

Unmarried match 465,000 (5-solar day Exam)
Republic of india 5. Pakistan at Eden Gardens, Kolkata, sixteen–20 Feb 1999[2]
Season ane,592,543 (Total)
26,528 per lucifer
2017 IPL[iii]

Cricket is the about popular sport in India past far,[iv]
and is played virtually everywhere in the country.[5]
The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) is the governing body of Indian cricket and conduct all domestic tournaments and select the members Indian national cricket squad.

Domestic competitions in Bharat include the Ranji Trophy, the Duleep Trophy, the Vijay Hazare Trophy, the Deodhar Trophy, the Irani Trophy and the NKP Salve Challenger Trophy. The Indian Premier League, a Twenty20 tournament where diverse city franchises compete in a manner similar to club football, is 1 of the biggest sporting leagues and the biggest cricketing league in the world. In addition, the BCCI conducts the Indian Premier League, a Twenty20 competition, which is also one of the biggest sports leagues in the globe and the biggest cricket league in the earth, respectively.

International cricket in India does not follow a consistent pattern, dissimilar other cricketing teams such as England, who tour other countries during the wintertime and play at home during the summertime. The Indian cricket team is ane of the most successful cricket teams in the world, having won ii ICC World Cups, 1 ICC World Twenty20, two ICC Champion’s Trophies and finished runners upwardly in the inaugural edition of the ICC Earth Examination Championship. The 2021 ICC Men’south T20 World Cup, was initially meant to be hosted by India. Still, after the escalation of the COVID-19 Pandemic in India, the tournament was moved past the ICC to the United Arab Emirates. The 2023 Cricket Globe Cup will be hosted by India.

Cricket is an important part of Indian culture and peak players, like Sachin Tendulkar, Virat Kohli, MS Dhoni and Rohit Sharma often reach celebrity status and are some of the about influential figures in the country. The Indian team shares a long-continuing rivalry with the Pakistani squad, and India-Islamic republic of pakistan matches are some of the most anticipated matches in the world, and ane of the most watched television receiver broadcasts in the globe.

History

[edit]

The British brought cricket to India in the early 1700s, with the first documented instance of cricket being played is in 1721. It was played and adopted by Kolis of Gujarat because they were sea pirates and outlaws who ever loot the british ships so Due east India Visitor tried to manage the Kolis in cricket and been successfull.[6]
[7]

1800s to 1918

[edit]

The first ever match of showtime-class cricket played in India was in 1864 between Madras and Calcutta. Non many records exist from the lucifer.

Ranjitsinhji was regarded as 1 of the best batsmen of his fourth dimension.

The entire history of cricket in India and the sub-continent as a whole is based on the beingness and evolution of the British Raj via the Due east India Company.

1918 to 1945

[edit]

India became a member of the ‘elite order’ joining Australia, England, South Africa, New Zealand and the Westward Indies in June 1932. India’s first match in Lord’s confronting England attracted a massive crowd of 24,000 people as well as the Male monarch of the United Kingdom.[8]

1945 to 1960

[edit]

The major and defining event in the history of Indian cricket during this period was the Sectionalisation of India following full independence from the British Raj in 1947.

An early casualty of change was the Mumbai Quadrangular tournament, which had been a focal betoken of Indian cricket for over fifty years. The new Bharat had no place for teams based on ethnic origin. Every bit a result, the Ranji Trophy came into its own as the national championship. The concluding Bombay Pentangular, as it had become, was won by the Hindus in 1945–46.

Republic of india also recorded its kickoff Exam victory in 1952, beating England by an innings in Madras.[8]

1960 to 1970

[edit]

Ane team totally dominated Indian cricket in the 1960s. As office of 14 consecutive victories in the Ranji Bays from 1958–59 to 1972–73, Mumbai won the title in all ten seasons of the flow under review. Among its players were Farokh Engineer, Dilip Sardesai, Bapu Nadkarni, Ramakant Desai, Baloo Gupte, Ashok Mankad and Ajit Wadekar.

In the 1961–1962 season, the Duleep Trophy was inaugurated every bit a zonal competition. It was named subsequently Ranji’southward nephew, Kumar Shri Duleepsinhji (1905–59). With Mumbai in its catchment, it is not surprising that the West Zone won vi of the first nine titles.

1970 to 1985

[edit]

Bombay connected to boss Indian domestic cricket, with only Karnataka, Delhi, and a few other teams able to mount any kind of challenge during this period.

Bharat enjoyed two international highlights. In 1971, they won a Test series in England for the kickoff time ever, surprisingly defeating Ray Illingworth’s Ashes winners. In 1983, again in England, Republic of india were surprise winners of the 1983 Cricket World Loving cup under the captaincy of Kapil Dev.

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During the 1970s, the Indian cricket team began to see success overseas chirapsia New Zealand, and property Australia, South Africa and England to a draw. The backbone of the squad were the Indian spin quartet – Bishen Bedi, Due east. A. S. Prasanna, BS Chandrasekhar and Srinivas Venkataraghavan, giving rise to what would later be chosen the Golden Era of Indian cricket history. This decade also saw the emergence of two of Bharat’s best e’er batsmen, Sunil Gavaskar and Gundappa Vishwanath responsible for the back-to-back series wins in 1971 in the West Indies and in England, under the captaincy of Ajit Wadekar.[ix]

The Indian women’south team made its exam debut in 1976, becoming the third nation to practice so. Information technology fabricated its ODI debut on 1st January 1978.

1985 to 2000

[edit]

From the 1993–94 flavor, the Duleep Trophy was converted from a knockout competition to a league format.

Several team names and spellings were altered during the 1990s when traditional Indian names were introduced to supercede those that were associated with the British Raj. Most notably, Mumbai became Mumbai and the famous venue of Calcutta became Kolkata, both where the principal places where the British did all their business concern.

During the 1980s, India developed a more than attack-focused batting line-upwards with talented batsmen such equally Mohammad Azharuddin, Dilip Vengsarkar and Ravi Shastri prominent during this decade. Despite Bharat’southward victory in the Cricket World Loving cup in 1983, the team performed poorly in the Test arena, including 28 consecutive Examination matches without a victory. Yet, Bharat won the Asia Cup in 1984 and won the Earth Championship of Cricket in Australia in 1985. The 1987 Cricket World Cup was held in India.[9]

21st century

[edit]

Sachin Tendulkar is one of the greatest cricketers of all fourth dimension. He is known as the ‘God of Cricket’.

Sachin Tendulkar was i of the fundamental members during 1989–2013 for Team India in multiple formats.

Since 2000, the Indian squad underwent major improvements with the date of John Wright, India’southward start e’er foreign autobus. This appointment met success internationally as India maintained their unbeaten home tape against Australia in Examination series subsequently defeating them in 2001 and won the inaugural ICC Earth Twenty20 in 2007. Bharat was too the first sub-continental team to win at the WACA in Jan 2008 against Australia.[9]

India’s victory against the Australians in 2001 marked the first of a dream era for the team nether the captainship of Sourav Ganguly, winning Test matches in Republic of zimbabwe, Sri Lanka, West Indies and England. India besides shared a articulation victory with Sri Lanka in the ICC Champions Trophy, and went on to the finals in the 2003 Cricket World Cup merely to be beaten by Australia.[9]

In September 2007, Republic of india won the starting time ever Twenty20 World Cup held in South Africa, chirapsia their curvation-rivals Pakistan past five runs in a thrilling last.[ten]

India won the Cricket Globe Cup in 2011 nether the captainship of Mahendra Singh Dhoni,[8]
the first fourth dimension since 1983 (28 years) – they beat Sri Lanka in the final held in Mumbai’southward Wankhede Stadium.[11]

Republic of india played its 500th Test lucifer against New Zealand led by Kane Williamson at Kanpur from 22 – 26 September 2016.[12]
India won this match by 197 runs. This test was played under the captaincy of Virat Kohli.

Currently, they are outset in the 2019-21 ICC World Test Title with 490 points and a Per centum (percentage of points) of 71.They will play their last test in the 2019-21 ICC World Test Championship (which is besides the final exam in the 2021 Anthony De Mello Trophy) They played in their first series of the 2020-22 ICC Cricket World Cup Super League against the Australia national cricket team winning merely one match and existence fined i point for a boring over rate having but 9 points and beingness seventh in the league.

Organization of cricket in modern Republic of india

[edit]

International cricket

[edit]

Mithali Raj is the highest run-scorer in women’s international cricket.[13]
[xiv]

International cricket in Bharat generally does non follow a fixed pattern. For example, the English schedule under which the nation tours other countries during the winter and plays at domicile during the summer. Generally, there has recently been a tendency to play more than i-mean solar day matches than Exam matches. Cricket in Republic of india is managed by the Lath of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), the richest cricket board in the cricket world, withal, boilerplate cricket fans cannot get concur of tickets to run across matches, much of which are distributed as largesse.[xv]
The Indian national cricket team has also provided some of the greatest players to the earth, the biggest case of which is Sachin Tendulkar. Indian cricket has a rich history. The Indian national team is currently ranked No. 1 in Tests, No. 2 in ODIs and at 2nd position in T20Is. India has won two World Title cups in 1983 under the captaincy of Kapil Dev and recently won in the twelvemonth 2011 nether the captaincy of Mahendra Singh Dhoni, which is won subsequently a span of 28 years. They also won the World Championship of Cricket in 1985.

Starting time class competitions

[edit]

  • Ranji Bays
    – It was founded every bit the ‘Cricket Championship of India’ at a meeting of the Board of Control for Cricket in India in July 1934. The first Ranji Trophy fixtures took place in the 1934–35 season. Syed Mohammed Hadi of Hyderabad was the first batsman to score a century in the tournament. The Bays was donated by H. H. Sir Bhupendra Singh Mahinder Baha-dur, Maharajah of Patiala in memory of his late Highness Sir Ranjitsinhji Vibhaji of Nawanagar, affectionately called equally Ranjitsinhji. In the master, the Ranji Trophy is composed of teams representing united states of america that make upwardly India. The number of competing teams has increased over the years. Some states have more than 1 cricket squad, e.one thousand. Maharashtra and Gujarat. There are also teams for Railways and Services representing the armed forces. The various teams used to be grouped into zones – N, Due west, Due east, Cardinal and South – and the initial matches were played on a league basis within the zones. The elevation two teams until 1991–92 and then meridian three teams in the subsequent years from each zone then played in a national knock-out competition. Starting with the 2002–03 season, the zonal system has been abased and a two-partitioning structure has been adopted with 2 teams being promoted from the plate league and ii relegated from the elite league. If the knockout matches are not finished, they are decided on the first-innings lead.
  • Duleep Trophy
    – Named after Duleepsinhji, the Duleep Bays competition, which is a offset-class competition, was started by the Lath of Control for Cricket in India in 1961–62 with the aim of providing a greater competitive edge in domestic cricket, considering apart from the knock-out stages of the Ranji Trophy, that contest proved to be highly anticipated, with Bombay winning the Ranji Trophy for fifteen sequent years. The Duleep Trophy was besides meant to help the selectors to assessing form of top cricketers playing confronting each other. The original format had 5 teams, which were drawn from the v zones (i.east. North, South, East, West and key) and played each other on a knock-out basis. From the 1993–94 season, the competition has been converted to a league format.
  • Irani Trophy
    – The Irani Trophy tournament was conceived during the 1959–sixty season to mark the completion of 25 years of the Ranji Trophy title and was named after the late Z. R. Irani, who was associated with the Lath of Control for Cricket in Republic of india (BCCI) from its inception in 1928, till his death in 1970 and a keen patron of the game. The offset match, played between the Ranji Trophy champions and the Balance of Republic of india was played in 1959–lx. For the first few years, information technology was played at the tail end of the season. Realising the importance of the fixture, the BCCI moved it to the beginning of the flavor. Since 1965–66, it has traditionally heralded the start of the new domestic season. The Irani Trophy game ranks high in popularity and importance. It is one of the few domestic matches followed with keen involvement by cricket lovers in the land. Leading players have role in the game, which has often been a sort of selection trial to choice the Indian team for foreign tours.
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Express overs competitions

[edit]

  • Deodhar Trophy
    – Started in 1973–74 by Board of Control for Cricket in India, it is a i-day cricket contest in Indian domestic cricket. Information technology was formerly contested by v zonal teams – North zone, South zone, East zone, West zone and Central zone. From 2015–16 to 2017–eighteen, it was contested past the winners of the Vijay Hazare Trophy, India A and India B. Starting in 2018–19 it has featured India A, Bharat B and Bharat C.
  • NKP Relieve Challenger Trophy
    – It was started equally the Challenger serial by the Lath of Control for Cricket in Bharat in 1994–95 and after named as NKP Save Challenger Trophy in 1998–99. This tournament featured three teams: India senior, Republic of india A and India B playing each other in a round robin format. They were subsequently renamed India Blue, Bharat Scarlet and India Greenish respectively. The tournament featured the top 36 players from across India. It was last contested in 2013–xiv.
  • Vijay Hazare Trophy
    – Named later on the prolific Indian cricketer Vijay Hazare, the Trophy was started in 2002–03 as an endeavour to bring the limited-overs game amid a greater audition. The competition involves the state (and other) teams from the Ranji Trophy battling in a fifty-over format. Since its formulation, Tamil Nadu and Mumbai have won the trophy the most times (5). It is likewise dubbed equally the Premier Cup by BCCI.
  • BCCI Corporate Trophy
    – BCCI have prepare a 12 team inter-corporate tournament in 2009 that involves all top Indian cricketers. The tournament involves 50-over-a-side matches with the winner picking up Rs 1 crore and the runner up getting Rs 50 lakh. Information technology was abolished later on a few years.

Twenty20 competitions

[edit]

  • Indian Premier League
    – In response to the rival ICL, the BCCI started the Twenty20 competition known equally the Indian Premier League (IPL), which is regarded as the brainchild of Lalit Modi. This League was launched by BCCI in 2007–08 and received widespread recognition from effectually the state. The players were selected via the auctions and drafted into the city-based franchises. The first IPL season was held from xviii Apr 2008 to 1 June 2008 where underdogs Rajasthan Royals, led by Shane Warne, won the outset title at the DY Patil Stadium in Navi Mumbai[xvi]
    Based on regional loyalties, the eight-team tournament brings a unique and popular team and player sale organization hand-picking some of the all-time international players in the world and teaming them with Indian players, both domestic and international, in one arena. The total prize money for the IPL was $3 meg.[16]
    The IPL is one of the nigh-attended cricket leagues in the world and ranks sixth amid all sports leagues.[17]
    The IPL tournament consists of eight urban center based franchises.
  • Syed Mushtaq Ali Trophy
    – After Bharat became another fellow member of the ICC Twenty20 and played its first international T20 against South Africa, the BCCI launched its own country structure in 2006–07 season, with 27 Ranji teams divided in 5 Zones. The final was played between Punjab and Tamil Nadu, which the latter won by 2 wickets with two balls remaining, thereby becoming the just ever winner of this serial. In this series, Rohit Sharma also became the only always Indian to register a T20 century for Mumbai against Gujarat. The contest was afterwards replaced by the franchise-based IPL. Played for the get-go time in the 2008–09 season, this is the start of its kind zonal T20 title and the third overall in the Indian cricket season, which would see Ranji teams divided forth zonal lines into two groups with the tournament culminating in the All Republic of india T20 concluding between the winners of the ii groups for the Syed Mushtaq Ali Trophy. Information technology was launched subsequently the success of the IPL and the need of the BCCI to search for more than talent in the growing regions of cricket.
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In Twenty20, stronger crowd participation was seen than in other forms of the game. It has been greatly acknowledged by people and has made huge profits.

Youth competitions

[edit]

  • Vinoo Mankad Bays
    – A trophy tournament for nether-19, in memories of famous cricketer Vinoo Mankad.
  • Yagnik Trophy
    – A tournament for inter-higher, under the university level student, named later Dr. Yagnik, Gandhian and famous effigy in Saurashtra.
  • Cooch Behar Trophy
    – An inter-state U-nineteen 4-day matches tournament.


Women’due south domestic competitions

[edit]

  • Women’s Senior I Twenty-four hours Bays
    – Started in flavour 2006–07, it is the women’s List-A cricket tournament. Railways women has been the nearly dominant team, winning 10 out of the 11 tournaments. It was played in circular-robin format at zonal level and the top performing team then playing in the super league. The format was changed in season 2013–fourteen, since then information technology is played in 2 tiers, with states beingness divided in 5 groups, 2 in elite group and three in plate group. Finalists in the plate group, at the end of season are promoted to the elite grouping and 2 lesser most performing teams in the aristocracy grouping are relegated to the plate group.
  • Women’s Senior T20 Trophy
    – It is a women’due south Twenty20 competition. It is played between full members of BCCI. The inaugural tournament was held in the 2008–09 flavour. Since so it has taken identify every year with 2015–16 being the 8th edition.[18]

List of domestic cricket leagues

[edit]

Cricket is the staple game in India for several people of all ages. Here, young boys are seen playing a friendly game.

  • T20 Mumbai League
  • Saurashtra Premier League
  • Glory Cricket League
  • Karnataka Premier League
  • Tamil Nadu Premier League
  • Odisha Premier League
  • Rajwada Cricket League
  • Indian Cricket League
  • Telangana T20 League

Run across also

[edit]

  • India national cricket squad
  • India women’s national cricket team
  • List of Cricket records
  • List of India national cricket captains
  • List of Indian Exam cricketers
  • Listing of Indian ODI cricketers
  • List of India Twenty20 International cricketers
  • List of India women Test cricketers
  • List of India women ODI cricketers
  • List of Bharat women Twenty20 International cricketers
  • List of India national cricket captains
  • Indian Premier League
  • Ranji Trophy
  • Duleep Trophy
  • Cricket
  • Glory Cricket League (CCL)
  • List of India Test cricket records
  • List of Republic of india 1 Day International cricket records
  • List of Republic of india Twenty20 International cricket records

References

[edit]

Notes

  1. ^


    Downing, Clement (1737). William Foster (ed.).
    A History of the Indian Wars. London.



  2. ^


    “Largest omnipresence at a five-day Test friction match”.
    Guinness World Records
    . Retrieved
    nine July
    2018
    .



  3. ^


    “Top x Sports Leagues With Highest Boilerplate Attendance”. 11 February 2016. Retrieved
    12 July
    2016
    .



  4. ^


    “Height 10 Most Popular Sports in India”. Sporteology.com. Archived from the original on 22 June 2018. Retrieved
    16 October
    2013
    .



  5. ^


    “Ipsos – Nobody’s unpredictable”. Synovate.com. Archived from the original on 14 April 2012. Retrieved
    xvi June
    2012
    .



  6. ^


    Downing, Cloudless (1978).
    A History of the Indian Wars. p. 189. OCLC 5905776.



  7. ^


    Drew, John (half dozen December 2021). “The Christmas the Kolis took to cricket”.
    The Daily Star
    . Retrieved
    5 December
    2021
    .


  8. ^


    a




    b




    c




    “BBC World Service | Story of Cricket”. BBC. Retrieved
    16 June
    2012
    .


  9. ^


    a




    b




    c




    d




    “Bharat National Cricket Squad | Crickipedia.com | Cricket News | Series | Live Score | Players | Grounds”. Crickipedia.com. 6 Dec 2009. Retrieved
    16 June
    2012
    .



  10. ^


    “Final: India v Pakistan at Johannesburg, Sep 24, 2007 | Cricket Scorecard”. ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved
    21 October
    2013
    .



  11. ^


    “Team India at T20 Cricket Earth Cup”.
    www.cricketworldcupinformation.com. Archived from the original on 7 March 2018. Retrieved
    half-dozen April
    2018
    .



  12. ^


    “Full Scorecard of India vs New Zealand 1st Test 2016/17 – Score Report | ESPNcricinfo.com”.
    ESPNcricinfo
    . Retrieved
    10 Baronial
    2021
    .



  13. ^


    “Record-setting Raj top of the women’southward charts”.
    ESPN Cricinfo. Archived from the original on 13 July 2017. Retrieved
    12 July
    2017
    .



  14. ^


    “Mithali Raj becomes leading run-scorer in women’southward ODI cricket; surpasses England’s Charlotte Edwards”.
    Indian Express. 12 July 2017. Archived from the original on thirteen July 2017. Retrieved
    12 July
    2017
    .



  15. ^


    “Complimentary passes restricted for Delhi Examination”.
    ESPNcricinfo. 21 November 2015. Retrieved
    12 December
    2015
    .


  16. ^


    a




    b




    “T20 History: History of T20 Cricket”. Cricketnext.in.com. Archived from the original on 7 Apr 2010. Retrieved
    16 June
    2012
    .



  17. ^


    “Top 10 most watched sports leagues in the earth”.
    www.sportskeeda.com. 11 January 2016. Retrieved
    7 Apr
    2019
    .



  18. ^


    “The Home of CricketArchive”.

Further reading

[edit]

  • A Corner of a Foreign Field
    past Ramachandra Guha
  • Majumdar, Boria (2018).
    Eleven Gods and a Billion Indians: The On and Off the Field Story of Cricket in India and Beyond. Noida: Simon & Schuster India. ISBN9789386797186.

  • “Has Virat Kohli walked into a trap laid past the BCCI president?”
    The Probe, 17 Dec 2021.



Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cricket_in_India