Association football club in England

Football game club

Liverpool
Total name Liverpool Football Guild
Nickname(s) The Reds
Founded 3 June 1892; 129 years agone
 (1892-06-03)
[1]
Ground Anfield
Capacity 53,394[2]
Possessor Fenway Sports Group
Chairman Tom Werner
Manager Jürgen Klopp
League Premier League
2020–21 Premier League, third of 20
Website Club website

Abode colours

Away colours

Third colours


Current flavour

Liverpool Football Guild
is a professional football game social club based in Liverpool, England, that competes in the Premier League, the pinnacle tier of English football. Domestically, the club has won xix League titles, seven FA Cups, a record eight League Cups and fifteen FA Community Shields. In international competitions, the club has won six European Cups, more whatsoever other English club, 3 UEFA Cups, four UEFA Super Cups (besides English language records) and one FIFA Club Globe Cup.

Founded in 1892, the guild joined the Football game League the following year and has played at Anfield since its germination. Liverpool established itself every bit a major strength in English and European football game in the 1970s and 1980s, when Bill Shankly, Bob Paisley, Joe Fagan and Kenny Dalglish led the club to a combined eleven League titles and iv European Cups. Liverpool won two further European Cups in 2005 and 2019 under the management of Rafael Benítez and Jürgen Klopp, respectively; the latter led Liverpool to a nineteenth League title in 2020, the society’s start during the Premier League era.

Liverpool is one of the well-nigh widely supported clubs in the world, besides every bit one of the most valuable. Liverpool has long-continuing rivalries with Manchester United and Everton. In 1964 the team changed from reddish shirts and white shorts to an all-red habitation strip which has been used ever since. The social club’s anthem is “You’ll Never Walk Alone”.

The club’s supporters accept been involved in 2 major tragedies. The Heysel Stadium disaster, where escaping fans were pressed against a collapsing wall at the 1985 European Loving cup Final in Brussels, resulted in 39 deaths. Most of these were Italians and Juventus fans, and English language clubs were given a five-twelvemonth ban from European competition equally a result. The Hillsborough disaster in 1989, where 97 Liverpool supporters died in a vanquish against perimeter fencing, led to the elimination of fenced standing terraces in favour of all-seater stadiums in the elevation ii tiers of English football.

History

Black and white photograph of elder and bald John Houlding, wearing beard and bow tie.

Liverpool F.C. was founded following a dispute between the Everton committee and John Houlding, gild president and owner of the land at Anfield. After 8 years at the stadium, Everton relocated to Goodison Park in 1892 and Houlding founded Liverpool F.C. to play at Anfield.[3]
Originally named “Everton F.C. and Able-bodied Grounds Ltd” (Everton Athletic for curt), the club became Liverpool F.C. in March 1892 and gained official recognition three months later, afterwards The Football Clan refused to recognise the club as Everton.[4]

Liverpool played their start lucifer on 1 September 1892, a pre-season friendly lucifer against Rotherham Boondocks, which they won seven–1. The team Liverpool fielded against Rotherham was composed entirely of Scottish players – the players who came from Scotland to play in England in those days were known as the Scotch Professors. Manager John McKenna had recruited the players after a scouting trip to Scotland – so they became known equally the “team of Macs”.[5]
The squad won the Lancashire League in its debut season and joined the Football League Second Division at the get-go of the 1893–94 flavour. After the club was promoted to the First Division in 1896, Tom Watson was appointed manager. He led Liverpool to its offset league title in 1901, before winning information technology again in 1906.[6]

Liverpool reached its first FA Cup Final in 1914, losing 1–0 to Burnley. It won consecutive League championships in 1922 and 1923, but did non win another trophy until the 1946–47 season, when the club won the Offset Division for a fifth fourth dimension nether the control of ex-West Ham United centre half George Kay.[seven]
Liverpool suffered its 2nd Cup Final defeat in 1950, playing against Arsenal.[eight]
The lodge was relegated to the Second Division in the 1953–54 season.[9]
Soon after Liverpool lost 2–1 to non-league Worcester City in the 1958–59 FA Cup, Bill Shankly was appointed manager. Upon his arrival he released 24 players and converted a boot storage room at Anfield into a room where the coaches could discuss strategy; here, Shankly and other “Boot Room” members Joe Fagan, Reuben Bennett, and Bob Paisley began reshaping the team.[ten]

Statue of a man with his arms held aloft

Statue of Bill Shankly outside Anfield. Shankly won promotion to the First Sectionalization and the club’s first league title since 1947.

The guild was promoted dorsum into the Commencement Division in 1962 and won it in 1964, for the first fourth dimension in 17 years. In 1965, the club won its first FA Cup. In 1966, the club won the First Sectionalization but lost to Borussia Dortmund in the European Cup Winners’ Loving cup final.[eleven]
Liverpool won both the League and the UEFA Cup during the 1972–73 season, and the FA Cup again a twelvemonth later. Shankly retired soon afterwards and was replaced by his assistant, Bob Paisley.[12]
In 1976, Paisley’due south second season every bit director, the lodge won another League and UEFA Loving cup double. The post-obit flavor, the club retained the League title and won the European Cup for the start time, but it lost in the 1977 FA Cup Terminal. Liverpool retained the European Loving cup in 1978 and regained the First Sectionalisation title in 1979.[13]
During Paisley’south nine seasons as manager Liverpool won 20 trophies, including three European Cups, a UEFA Cup, half-dozen League titles and three sequent League Cups; the just domestic bays he did not win was the FA Cup.[fourteen]

Paisley retired in 1983 and was replaced by his assistant, Joe Fagan.[15]
Liverpool won the League, League Loving cup and European Cup in Fagan’s first season, condign the outset English side to win 3 trophies in a season.[16]
Liverpool reached the European Cup final again in 1985, against Juventus at the Heysel Stadium. Before kick-off, Liverpool fans breached a fence that separated the two groups of supporters and charged the Juventus fans. The resulting weight of people caused a retaining wall to plummet, killing 39 fans, generally Italians. The incident became known as the Heysel Stadium disaster. The friction match was played in spite of protests by both managers, and Liverpool lost one–0 to Juventus. As a event of the tragedy, English language clubs were banned from participating in European competition for five years; Liverpool received a x-year ban, which was subsequently reduced to six years. Fourteen Liverpool fans received convictions for involuntary manslaughter.[17]

3 burgundy tablets with gold engraved writing. Below the tablets are flowers.

The Hillsborough memorial, which is engraved with the names of the 97 people who died in the Hillsborough disaster.

Fagan had announced his retirement merely before the disaster and Kenny Dalglish was appointed every bit thespian-manager.[eighteen]
During his tenure, the social club won another three league titles and two FA Cups, including a League and Cup “Double” in the 1985–86 flavour. Liverpool’southward success was overshadowed by the Hillsborough disaster: in an FA Cup semi-final against Nottingham Forest on 15 April 1989, hundreds of Liverpool fans were crushed against perimeter fencing.[19]
90-four fans died that twenty-four hour period; the 95th victim died in hospital from his injuries four days after, the 96th died nearly four years afterward, without regaining consciousness, and the 97th, Andrew Devine, died of injuries sustained in the disaster in 2021.[20]
[21]
After the Hillsborough disaster in that location was a regime review of stadium safety. The resulting Taylor Study paved the way for legislation that required top-division teams to accept all-seater stadiums. The study ruled that the principal reason for the disaster was overcrowding due to a failure of constabulary control.[22]

Liverpool was involved in the closest finish to a league season during the 1988–89 season. Liverpool finished equal with Arsenal on both points and goal difference, but lost the championship on total goals scored when Arsenal scored the terminal goal in the concluding minute of the flavor.[23]

Dalglish cited the Hillsborough disaster and its repercussions equally the reason for his resignation in 1991; he was replaced by former role player Graeme Souness.[24]
Nether his leadership Liverpool won the 1992 FA Cup Final, but their league performances slumped, with 2 consecutive sixth-place finishes, eventually resulting in his dismissal in January 1994. Souness was replaced by Roy Evans, and Liverpool went on to win the 1995 Football League Cup Final.[25]
While they made some title challenges under Evans, 3rd-identify finishes in 1996 and 1998 were the best they could manage, and so Gérard Houllier was appointed co-director in the 1998–99 flavour, and became the sole manager in November 1998 afterward Evans resigned.[26]
In 2001, Houllier’south second full season in accuse, Liverpool won a “treble”: the FA Loving cup, League Cup and UEFA Loving cup.[27]
Houllier underwent major heart surgery during the 2001–02 season and Liverpool finished second in the League, behind Arsenal.[28]
They won a further League Cup in 2003, but failed to mount a championship challenge in the 2 seasons that followed.[29]
[xxx]

A silver trophy with red ribbons on it

The European Cup bays won past Liverpool for a fifth time in 2005

Houllier was replaced past Rafael Benítez at the stop of the 2003–04 flavor. Despite finishing 5th in Benítez’s beginning season, Liverpool won the 2004–05 UEFA Champions League, beating A.C. Milan 3–2 in a punishment shootout after the match concluded with a score of iii–iii.[31]
The following season, Liverpool finished tertiary in the Premier League and won the 2006 FA Cup Concluding, chirapsia Due west Ham United in a penalty shootout after the match finished three–three.[32]
American businessmen George Gillett and Tom Hicks became the owners of the society during the 2006–07 season, in a deal which valued the club and its outstanding debts at £218.9 1000000.[33]
The gild reached the 2007 UEFA Champions League Final against Milan, as it had in 2005, but lost ii–1.[34]
During the 2008–09 flavor Liverpool accomplished 86 points, its highest Premier League points total, and finished as runners up to Manchester United.[35]

In the 2009–ten season, Liverpool finished seventh in the Premier League and failed to qualify for the Champions League. Benítez subsequently left by mutual consent[36]
and was replaced by Fulham managing director Roy Hodgson.[37]
At the commencement of the 2010–11 flavour Liverpool was on the verge of bankruptcy and the society’s creditors asked the Loftier Court to permit the sale of the club, overruling the wishes of Hicks and Gillett. John W. Henry, owner of the Boston Red Sox and of Fenway Sports Group, bid successfully for the club and took buying in Oct 2010.[38]
Poor results during the start of that flavor led to Hodgson leaving the club past mutual consent and erstwhile player and manager Kenny Dalglish taking over.[39]
In the 2011–12 season, Liverpool secured a record 8th League Cup success and reached the FA Loving cup final, but finished in 8th position, the worst league end in 18 years; this led to the sacking of Dalglish.[xl]
[41]
He was replaced by Brendan Rodgers,[42]
whose Liverpool team in the 2013–xiv season mounted an unexpected title charge to end 2nd behind champions Manchester Urban center and afterward return to the Champions League, scoring 101 goals in the process, the nearly since the 106 scored in the 1895–96 flavour.[43]
[44]
Following a disappointing 2014–15 season, where Liverpool finished sixth in the league, and a poor start to the following campaign, Rodgers was sacked in Oct 2015.[45]

Rodgers was replaced by Jürgen Klopp.[46]
Liverpool reached the finals of the Football League Cup and UEFA Europa League in Klopp’s start flavour, finishing as runner-up in both competitions.[47]
The club finished 2nd in the 2018–19 season with 97 points, losing only one game: a points record for a not-title winning side.[48]
Klopp took Liverpool to successive Champions League finals in 2018 and 2019, with the gild defeating Tottenham Hotspur two–0 to win the 2019 UEFA Champions League Last.[49]
[50]
Liverpool crush Flamengo of Brazil in the final i–0 to win the FIFA Club World Loving cup for the outset fourth dimension.[51]
Liverpool then went on to win the 2019–20 Premier League, winning their commencement top-flight league championship in thirty years.[52]
The guild set multiple records in the flavor, including winning the league with seven games remaining making it the earliest whatever team has ever won the title,[53]
amassing a club record 99 points, and achieving a joint-record 32 wins in a summit-flying season.[54]

Colours and badge

A blue and white shirt and white shorts

Liverpool’s domicile colours worn from 1892 to 1896[55]

For much of Liverpool’s history its domicile colours take been all red, merely when the club was founded its kit was more like the contemporary Everton kit. The blue and white quartered shirts were used until 1894, when the club adopted the city’s colour of ruby-red.[3]
The city’s symbol of the liver bird was adopted equally the gild’s badge (or crest, equally it is sometimes known) in 1901, although information technology was not incorporated into the kit until 1955. Liverpool continued to wear ruby-red shirts and white shorts until 1964 when manager Pecker Shankly decided to change to an all-red strip.[55]
Liverpool played in all carmine for the showtime time against Anderlecht, every bit Ian St John recalled in his autobiography:

He [Shankly] thought the colour scheme would carry psychological impact – red for danger, scarlet for power. He came into the dressing room one solar day and threw a pair of red shorts to Ronnie Yeats. “Get into those shorts and let’s see how you look”, he said. “Christ, Ronnie, you wait awesome, terrifying. You lot look 7 ft alpine.” “Why non become the whole pig, boss?” I suggested. “Why not wear reddish socks? Let’due south exit all in red.” Shankly canonical and an iconic kit was born.[56]

The Liverpool away strip has by and large been all yellow or white shirts and black shorts, but there have been several exceptions. An all grayness kit was introduced in 1987, which was used until the 1991–92 centenary season when information technology was replaced by a combination of greenish shirts and white shorts. After various colour combinations in the 1990s, including gold and navy, vivid xanthous, black and grey, and ecru, the club alternated between yellow and white abroad kits until the 2008–09 season, when it re-introduced the grey kit. A third kit is designed for European away matches, though information technology is also worn in domestic away matches on occasions when the current away kit clashes with a team’s home kit. Between 2012 and 2015, the kits were designed by Warrior Sports, who became the club’s kit providers at the start of the 2012–13 flavor.[57]
In February 2015, Warrior’s parent company New Balance appear it would be entering the global football market, with teams sponsored past Warrior at present existence outfitted past New Balance.[58]
The simply other branded shirts worn by the club were fabricated past Umbro until 1985, when they were replaced by Adidas, who produced the kits until 1996 when Reebok took over. They produced the kits for 10 years before Adidas made the kits from 2006 to 2012.[59]
Nike became the club’due south official kit supplier at the beginning of the 2020–21 season.[sixty]

Liverpool was the starting time English professional social club to have a sponsor’s logo on its shirts, after agreeing a bargain with Hitachi in 1979.[61]
Since then the club has been sponsored past Crown Paints, Candy, Carlsberg and Standard Chartered. The contract with Carlsberg, which was signed in 1992, was the longest-lasting understanding in English top-flight football.[62]
The clan with Carlsberg ended at the starting time of the 2010–11 flavour, when Standard Chartered Bank became the club’due south sponsor.[63]

The Liverpool badge is based on the urban center’s liver bird symbol, which in the past had been placed inside a shield. In 1977, a ruby liver bird standing on a football (blazoned equally “Statant upon a football a Liver Bird wings elevated and addorsed holding in the beak a piece of seaweed gules“) was granted as a heraldic bluecoat by the Higher of Artillery to the English Football League intended for use by Liverpool. However, Liverpool never fabricated use of this badge.[64]
In 1992, to commemorate the centennial of the club, a new bluecoat was deputed, including a representation of the Shankly Gates. The next year twin flames were added at either side, symbolic of the Hillsborough memorial outside Anfield, where an eternal flame burns in memory of those who died in the Hillsborough disaster.[65]
In 2012, Warrior Sports’ first Liverpool kit removed the shield and gates, returning the badge to what had adorned Liverpool shirts in the 1970s; the flames were moved to the back collar of the shirt, surrounding the number 96 for the number who died at Hillsborough.[66]

Kit suppliers and shirt sponsors

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor (chest) Shirt sponsor (sleeve)
1973–1979 Umbro None None
1979–1982 Hitachi
1982–1985 Crown Paints
1985–1988 Adidas
1988–1992 Candy
1992–1996 Carlsberg
1996–2006 Reebok
2006–2010 Adidas
2010–2012 Standard Chartered
2012–2015 Warrior Sports
2015–2017 New Residual
2017–2020 Western Spousal relationship
2020– Nike Expedia[67]

Stadium

The interior of a stadium.

Anfield was built in 1884 on land adjacent to Stanley Park. Situated 2 miles (3 km) from Liverpool metropolis middle, it was originally used past Everton before the club moved to Goodison Park after a dispute over hire with Anfield owner John Houlding.[68]
Left with an empty basis, Houlding founded Liverpool in 1892 and the society has played at Anfield e’er since. The capacity of the stadium at the fourth dimension was xx,000, although only 100 spectators attended Liverpool’due south first friction match at Anfield.[69]

The Kop was built in 1906 due to the high turnout for matches and was called the Oakfield Route Beach initially. Its outset game was on 1 September 1906 when the dwelling house side crush Stoke Urban center 1–0.[seventy]
In 1906 the banked stand up at one end of the ground was formally renamed the Spion Kop after a hill in KwaZulu-Natal.[71]
The hill was the site of the Battle of Spion Kop in the Second Boer War, where over 300 men of the Lancashire Regiment died, many of them from Liverpool.[72]
At its peak, the stand up could hold 28,000 spectators and was one of the largest single-tier stands in the world. Many stadiums in England had stands named after Spion Kop, only Anfield’due south was the largest of them at the time; it could hold more supporters than some unabridged football grounds.[73]

Anfield could accommodate more than lx,000 supporters at its top and had a capacity of 55,000 until the 1990s, when, following recommendations from the
Taylor Report, all clubs in the Premier League were obliged to convert to all-seater stadiums in time for the 1993–94 flavour, reducing its capacity to 45,276.[74]
The findings of the written report precipitated the redevelopment of the Kemlyn Route Stand up, which was rebuilt in 1992, congruent with the centenary of the club, and was known as the Centenary Stand until 2017 when it was renamed the Kenny Dalglish Stand. An extra tier was added to the Anfield Road end in 1998, which further increased the capacity of the footing simply gave ascent to problems when it was opened. A serial of back up poles and stanchions were inserted to give actress stability to the superlative tier of the stand up later movement of the tier was reported at the beginning of the 1999–2000 season.[75]

Considering of restrictions on expanding the capacity at Anfield, Liverpool appear plans to movement to the proposed Stanley Park Stadium in May 2002.[76]
Planning permission was granted in July 2004,[77]
and in September 2006, Liverpool Metropolis Council agreed to grant Liverpool a 999-twelvemonth charter on the proposed site.[78]
Following the takeover of the guild past George Gillett and Tom Hicks in February 2007, the proposed stadium was redesigned. The new design was approved by the Council in November 2007. The stadium was scheduled to open in August 2011 and would hold 60,000 spectators, with HKS, Inc. contracted to build the stadium.[79]
Construction was halted in August 2008, as Gillett and Hicks had difficulty in financing the £300 1000000 needed for the development.[80]
In Oct 2012, BBC Sport reported that Fenway Sports Group, the new owners of Liverpool FC, had decided to redevelop their current home at Anfield stadium, rather than edifice a new stadium in Stanley Park. As part of the redevelopment the capacity of Anfield was to increase from 45,276 to approximately 60,000 and would cost approximately £150m.[81]
When construction was completed on the new Main stand the capacity of Anfield was increased to 54,074. This £100 million expansion added a third tier to the stand. This was all role of a £260 1000000 project to meliorate the Anfield surface area. Jürgen Klopp the managing director at the time described the stand as “impressive.”[82]

In June 2021, information technology was reported that Liverpool Council had given planning permission for the lodge to renovate and expand the Anfield Road stand, boosting the chapters by around 7,000 and taking the overall capacity at Anfield to 61,000. The expansion, which is estimated to price £60m, was described equally “a huge milestone” past managing director Andy Hughes, and would besides see rail seating being trialled in the Kop for the 2021-22 Premier League season.[83]

Support

A single-tiered stand that contains thousands of people. Several flags are being waved. In front of the stand is a grass pitch with a goal.

Liverpool is 1 of the best supported clubs in the earth.[84]
[85]
The society states that its worldwide fan base includes more than 200 officially recognised Supporters Clubs in at least 50 countries. Notable groups include Spirit of Shankly.[86]
The order takes advantage of this support through its worldwide summer tours,[87]
which has included playing in front of 101,000 in Michigan, U.S., and 95,000 in Melbourne, Australia.[88]
[89]
Liverpool fans often refer to themselves equally Kopites, a reference to the fans who one time stood, and now sit, on the Kop at Anfield.[90]
In 2008 a group of fans decided to grade a splinter club, A.F.C. Liverpool, to play matches for fans who had been priced out of watching Premier League football.[91]

The song “You’ll Never Walk Lonely”, originally from the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical
Carousel
and after recorded past Liverpool musicians Gerry and the Pacemakers, is the club’s anthem and has been sung past the Anfield crowd since the early 1960s.[92]
It has since gained popularity amidst fans of other clubs around the world.[93]
The song’southward title adorns the height of the Shankly Gates, which were unveiled on 2 August 1982 in memory of former manager Pecker Shankly. The “You’ll Never Walk Alone” portion of the Shankly Gates is likewise reproduced on the club’s badge.[94]

Design of the top of a set of gates, with the sky visible. The inscription on the gates reads "You'll Never Walk Alone".

The Shankly Gates, erected in award of old director Bill Shankly

The guild’s supporters have been involved in two stadium disasters. The showtime was the 1985 Heysel Stadium disaster, in which 39 Juventus supporters were killed. They were confined to a corner by Liverpool fans who had charged in their direction; the weight of the cornered fans caused a wall to collapse. UEFA laid the blame for the incident solely on the Liverpool supporters,[95]
and banned all English clubs from European competition for five years. Liverpool was banned for an boosted year, preventing it from participating in the 1990–91 European Loving cup, fifty-fifty though it won the League in 1990.[96]
20-seven fans were arrested on suspicion of manslaughter and were extradited to Belgium in 1987 to face up trial.[97]
In 1989, after a five-month trial in Kingdom of belgium, 14 Liverpool fans were given iii-yr sentences for involuntary manslaughter;[98]
half of the terms were suspended.[99]

The 2nd disaster took identify during an FA Cup semi-final between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest at Hillsborough Stadium, Sheffield, on 15 April 1989. Ninety-six Liverpool fans died as a consequence of overcrowding at the Leppings Lane stop, in what became known every bit the Hillsborough disaster. In the following days,
The Sunday
s coverage of the event spread falsehoods, peculiarly an article entitled “The Truth” that claimed that Liverpool fans had robbed the dead and had urinated on and attacked the police.[100]
Subsequent investigations proved the allegations false, leading to a boycott of the newspaper by Liverpool fans beyond the city and elsewhere; many still refuse to buy
The Lord’s day
thirty years later.[101]
Many support organisations were set up up in the wake of the disaster, such as the Hillsborough Justice Campaign, which represents bereaved families, survivors and supporters in their efforts to secure justice.[102]

Rivalries

Liverpool players (in grey) during their 4–one win against Manchester United at Onetime Trafford on fourteen March 2009

Liverpool’s longest-established rivalry is with fellow Liverpool team Everton, against whom they contest the Merseyside derby. The rivalry stems from Liverpool’south germination and the dispute with Everton officials and the then owners of Anfield.[103]
The Merseyside derby is one of the few local derbies which do not enforce fan segregation, and hence has been known as the “friendly derby”.[104]
Since the mid-1980s, the rivalry has intensified both on and off the field and, since the inception of the Premier League in 1992, the Merseyside derby has had more players sent off than whatsoever other Premier League game. It has been referred to as “the most ill-disciplined and explosive fixture in the Premier League”.[105]
In terms of support inside the metropolis, the number of Liverpool fans outweighs Everton supporters by a ratio of 2:one.[106]

Liverpool’s rivalry with Manchester United stems from the cities’ contest in the Industrial Revolution of the 19th century.[107]
Connected by the world’due south first inter-city railway, by road Liverpool and Manchester are separated past approximately 30 miles (48 km) forth the East Lancs Route.[108]
Ranked the ii biggest clubs in England by
France Football
magazine, Liverpool and Manchester United are the virtually successful English teams in both domestic and international competitions, and both clubs have a global fanbase.[109]
[110]
Viewed as ane of the biggest rivalries in world football, it is considered the nigh famous fixture in English language football.[111]
[112]
[113]
The two clubs alternated every bit champions between 1964 and 1967,[114]
and Manchester United became the get-go English team to win the European Cup in 1968, followed by Liverpool’due south four European Cup victories.[115]
Despite the 39 league titles and nine European Cups between them[114]
the two rivals have rarely been successful at the same time – Liverpool’s run of titles in the 1970s and 1980s coincided with Manchester United’due south 26-twelvemonth title drought, and United’due south success in the Premier League-era likewise coincided with Liverpool’due south 30-year championship drought,[116]
and the two clubs have finished first and second in the league merely five times.[114]
Such is the rivalry betwixt the clubs they rarely do transfer business with each other. The last player to be transferred between the two clubs was Phil Chisnall, who moved to Liverpool from Manchester United in 1964.[117]

Ownership and finances

Photograph

As the possessor of Anfield and founder of Liverpool, John Houlding was the club’due south outset chairman, a position he held from its founding in 1892 until 1904. John McKenna took over equally chairman after Houlding’southward deviation.[118]
McKenna subsequently became President of the Football League.[119]
The chairmanship changed hands many times before John Smith, whose male parent was a shareholder of the guild, took up the function in 1973. He oversaw the most successful period in Liverpool’south history before stepping down in 1990.[120]
His successor was Noel White who became chairman in 1990.[121]
In August 1991 David Moores, whose family unit had owned the club for more than 50 years, became chairman. His uncle John Moores was also a shareholder at Liverpool and was chairman of Everton from 1961 to 1973. Moores owned 51 percentage of the club, and in 2004 expressed his willingness to consider a bid for his shares in Liverpool.[122]

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Moores eventually sold the lodge to American businessmen George Gillett and Tom Hicks on 6 February 2007. The bargain valued the club and its outstanding debts at £218.9 million. The pair paid £5,000 per share, or £174.1m for the total shareholding and £44.8m to cover the guild’s debts.[123]
Disagreements between Gillett and Hicks, and the fans’ lack of support for them, resulted in the pair looking to sell the club.[124]
Martin Broughton was appointed chairman of the club on xvi April 2010 to oversee its auction.[125]
In May 2010, accounts were released showing the holding company of the guild to be £350m in debt (due to leveraged takeover) with losses of £55m, causing auditor KPMG to qualify its audit opinion.[126]
The group’s creditors, including the Royal Banking concern of Scotland, took Gillett and Hicks to court to force them to let the lath to proceed with the auction of the guild, the major asset of the holding company. A High Court judge, Mr Justice Floyd, ruled in favour of the creditors and paved the way for the sale of the social club to Fenway Sports Group (formerly New England Sports Ventures), although Gillett and Hicks still had the option to entreatment.[127]
Liverpool was sold to Fenway Sports Group on 15 October 2010 for £300m.[128]

Liverpool has been described as a global brand; a 2010 report valued the club’due south trademarks and associated intellectual property at £141m, an increase of £5m on the previous year. Liverpool was given a brand rating of AA (Very Strong).[129]
In April 2010 business magazine
Forbes
ranked Liverpool as the sixth well-nigh valuable football squad in the earth, behind Manchester United, Real Madrid, Arsenal, Barcelona and Bayern Munich; they valued the club at $822m (£532m), excluding debt.[130]
Accountants Deloitte ranked Liverpool eighth in the Deloitte Football Money League, which ranks the world’south football clubs in terms of revenue. Liverpool’due south income in the 2009–10 season was €225.3m.[131]
According to a 2018 report by Deloitte, the club had an annual revenue of €424.2 meg for the previous twelvemonth,[132]
and
Forbes
valued the gild at $i.944 billion.[133]
In 2018, annual revenue increased to €513.7 million,[134]
and
Forbes
valued the club at $ii.183 billion.[135]
In 2019 revenue increased to €604 million (£533 million) according to Deloitte, with the club breaching the half a billion pounds mark.[136]

In April 2020, the owners of the club came under burn down from fans and the media for deciding to furlough all non-playing staff during the COVID-19 pandemic.[137]
In response to this, the club made a U-plow on the decision and apologised for their initial decision.[138]
In April 2021
Forbes
valued the order at $4.1 billion, a ii-year increase of 88%, making it the earth’southward fifth-nigh-valuable football order.[139]

Liverpool in the media

Liverpool featured in the first edition of BBC’south
Lucifer of the Day, which screened highlights of their match against Arsenal at Anfield on 22 Baronial 1964. The first football lucifer to be televised in colour was betwixt Liverpool and W Ham United, circulate live in March 1967.[140]
Liverpool fans featured in the Pinkish Floyd song “Fearless”, in which they sang excerpts from “You’ll Never Walk Alone”.[141]
To mark the club’s advent in the 1988 FA Loving cup Concluding, Liverpool released the “Anfield Rap”, a song featuring John Barnes and other members of the squad.[142]

A docudrama on the Hillsborough disaster, written by Jimmy McGovern, was screened in 1996. It featured Christopher Eccleston as Trevor Hicks, who lost two teenage daughters in the disaster, went on to campaign for safer stadiums and helped to grade the Hillsborough Families Support Group.[143]
Liverpool featured in the 2001 film
The 51st State, in which ex-hitman Felix DeSouza (Robert Carlyle) is a neat supporter of the team and the terminal scene takes place at a friction match between Liverpool and Manchester United.[144]
The club also featured in the 1984 children’s goggle box show
Scully, about a young boy who tries to gain a trial with Liverpool.[145]
The opening scenes of the
Doctor Who
episode “The Halloween Apocalypse”, aired in October 2021, features The Doctor (played by Jodie Whittaker) exiting the TARDIS exterior Anfield as she exclaims: “Liverpool? Anfield! Klopp era, archetype!”.[146]

Players


Beginning-team squad

Every bit of 31 Jan 2022
[147]

Note: Flags point national team every bit defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
ane GK

Brazil
BRA
Alisson
3 MF

Brazil
BRA
Fabinho
4 DF

Netherlands
NED
Virgil van Dijk
5 DF

France
FRA
Ibrahima Konaté
6 MF

Spain
ESP
Thiago Alcântara
7 MF

England
ENG
James Milner
(vice-helm)
[148]
8 MF

Guinea
GUI
Naby Keïta
9 FW

Brazil
BRA
Roberto Firmino
10 FW

Senegal
SEN
Sadio Mané
11 FW

Egypt
EGY
Mohamed Salah
12 DF

England
ENG
Joe Gomez
13 GK

Spain
ESP
Adrián
xiv MF

England
ENG
Jordan Henderson
(captain)
[149]
fifteen MF

England
ENG
Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain
No. Pos. Nation Player
17 MF

England
ENG
Curtis Jones
18 FW

Japan
JPN
Takumi Minamino
twenty FW

Portugal
POR
Diogo Jota
21 DF

Greece
GRE
Kostas Tsimikas
22 GK

Germany
GER
Loris Karius
23 FW

Colombia
COL
Luis Díaz
26 DF

Scotland
SCO
Andrew Robertson
27 FW

Belgium
BEL
Divock Origi
32 DF

Cameroon
CMR
Joël Matip
46 DF

England
ENG
Rhys Williams
62 GK

Republic of Ireland
IRL
Caoimhín Kelleher
66 DF

England
ENG
Trent Alexander-Arnold
67 MF

England
ENG
Harvey Elliott
97 GK

Brazil
BRA
Marcelo Pitaluga

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as divers nether FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than i non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
28 DF

England
ENG
Ben Davies
(at Sheffield United until 30 June 2022)
[150]
47 DF

England
ENG
Nathaniel Phillips
(at Bournemouth until 30 June 2022)
[151]
54 MF

England
ENG
Sheyi Ojo
(at Millwall until 30 June 2022)
[152]
No. Pos. Nation Actor
58 MF

Wales
WAL
Ben Woodburn
(at Middle of Midlothian until 30 June 2022)
[153]
72 DF

Netherlands
NED
Sepp van den Berg
(at Preston North End until 30 June 2022)
[154]
76 DF

Wales
WAL
Neco Williams
(at Fulham until 30 June 2022)

Reserves and University

Former players

Actor records

Club captains

Since the institution of the society in 1892, 45 players take been club captain of Liverpool F.C.[155]
Andrew Hannah became the get-go helm of the club after Liverpool separated from Everton and formed its ain social club. Alex Raisbeck, who was club captain from 1899 to 1909, was the longest serving captain before existence overtaken by Steven Gerrard who served 12 seasons equally Liverpool captain starting from the 2003–04 season.[155]
The present captain is Jordan Henderson, who in the 2015–16 flavor replaced Gerrard who moved to LA Galaxy.[149]
[156]

Proper noun Period

Scotland

Andrew Hannah
1892–1895

Scotland

Jimmy Ross
1895–1897

Scotland

John McCartney
1897–1898

England

Harry Storer
1898–1899

Scotland

Alex Raisbeck
1899–1909

England

Arthur Goddard
1909–1912

England

Ephraim Longworth
1912–1913

England

Harry Lowe
1913–1915

Scotland

Donald McKinlay
1919–1920

England

Ephraim Longworth
1920–1921

Scotland

Donald McKinlay
1921–1928

England

Tom Bromilow
1928–1929

Scotland

James Jackson
1929–1930

Scotland

Tom Morrison
1930–1931

Scotland

Tom Bradshaw
1931–1934
Proper noun Menses

England

Tom Cooper
1934–1939

Scotland

Matt Busby
1939–1940

Scotland

Willie Fagan
1945–1947

England

Jack Balmer
1947–1950

England

Phil Taylor
1950–1953

England

Bill Jones
1953–1954

England

Laurie Hughes
1954–1955

Scotland

Baton Liddell
1955–1958

England

Johnny Wheeler
1958–1959

England

Ronnie Moran
1959–1960

England

Dick White
1960–1961

Scotland

Ron Yeats
1961–1970

England

Tommy Smith
1970–1973

England

Emlyn Hughes
1973–1978

England

Phil Thompson
1978–1981
Proper noun Period

Scotland

Graeme Souness
1982–1984

England

Phil Neal
1984–1985

Scotland

Alan Hansen
1985–1988

Republic of Ireland

Ronnie Whelan
1988–1989

Scotland

Alan Hansen
1989–1990

Republic of Ireland

Ronnie Whelan
1990–1991

Scotland

Steve Nicol
1990–1991

England

Mark Wright
1991–1993

Wales

Ian Blitz
1993–1996

England

John Barnes
1996–1997

England

Paul Ince
1997–1999

England

Jamie Redknapp
1999–2002

Finland

Sami Hyypiä
2001–2003

England

Steven Gerrard
2003–2015

England

Hashemite kingdom of jordan Henderson
2015–

Player of the flavour

Guild officials

Honours

Four trophies inside a glass cabinet. The trophies have ribbons on them and there is memorabilia next to them

Replicas of the four European Cups Liverpool won from 1977 to 1984 on brandish in the guild’south museum

Liverpool’s commencement trophy was the Lancashire League, which information technology won in the social club’s showtime flavor.[5]
In 1901, the club won its first League title, while the nineteenth and most recent was in 2020. Its starting time success in the FA Loving cup was in 1965. In terms of the number of trophies won, Liverpool’s nearly successful decade was the 1980s, when the club won six League titles, two FA Cups, four League Cups, one Football League Super Cup, five Charity Shields (one shared) and 2 European Cups.

The club has accumulated more than height-flying wins and points than whatsoever other English squad.[164]
Liverpool also has the highest average league finishing position (three.3) for the 50-year flow to 2015[165]
and second-highest boilerplate league finishing position for the flow 1900–1999 after Arsenal, with an average league placing of 8.7.[166]

Liverpool is the nearly successful British club in international football with 14 trophies, having won the European Cup/UEFA Champions League, UEFA’s premier club competition, six times, an English language record and only surpassed by Real Madrid and A.C. Milan. Liverpool’due south fifth European Cup win, in 2005, meant that the club was awarded the trophy permanently and was also awarded a multiple-winner badge.[167]
[168]
Liverpool also hold the English language record of three wins in the UEFA Loving cup, UEFA’southward secondary society contest.[169]
In 2019, the club won the FIFA Club World Cup for the outset fourth dimension, and as well became the offset English club to win the international treble of Club World Loving cup, Champions League and UEFA Super Cup.[170]
[171]

Domestic

League

  • First Division/Premier League

    • Winners (19):
      1900–01, 1905–06, 1921–22, 1922–23, 1946–47, 1963–64, 1965–66, 1972–73, 1975–76, 1976–77, 1978–79, 1979–80, 1981–82, 1982–83, 1983–84, 1985–86, 1987–88, 1989–90, 2019–20
  • Second Division

    • Winners (four):
      1893–94, 1895–96, 1904–05, 1961–62

Cups

  • FA Cup

    • Winners (7):
      1964–65, 1973–74, 1985–86, 1988–89, 1991–92, 2000–01, 2005–06
  • Football League Cup/EFL Cup

    • Winners (8):
      1980–81, 1981–82, 1982–83, 1983–84, 1994–95, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2011–12
  • Football League Super Cup

    • Winners (ane):
      1985–86
  • FA Charity Shield/FA Community Shield

    • Winners (15):
      1964*, 1965*, 1966, 1974, 1976, 1977*, 1979, 1980, 1982, 1986*, 1988, 1989, 1990*, 2001, 2006 (* shared)
  • Sheriff of London Charity Shield

    • Winners (one):
      1906

European

  • European Cup/UEFA Champions League

    • Winners (6):
      1976–77, 1977–78, 1980–81, 1983–84, 2004–05, 2018–nineteen
  • UEFA Cup

    • Winners (3):
      1972–73, 1975–76, 2000–01
  • European/UEFA Super Cup

    • Winners (iv):
      1977, 2001, 2005, 2019

Worldwide

  • FIFA Social club World Cup

    • Winners (1):
      2019

Doubles and Trebles

  • Doubles:
    [note 1]

    • League and FA Cup (1):
      1985–86
    • League and League Loving cup (2):
      1981–82, 1982–83
    • League and European Cup (one):
      1976–77
    • League and UEFA Loving cup (ii):
      1972–73, 1975–76
    • League Cup and European Cup (i):
      1980–81
  • Trebles:
    [notation 1]
    [172]

    • League, League Cup and European Cup (1):
      1983–84
    • FA Cup, League Cup and UEFA Cup (1):
      2000–01

Come across also

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Footnote

  1. ^


    a




    b



    Doubles won in conjunction with the treble, such equally a FA Cup and League Cup double in 2001, are not included in the Doubles section.

Bibliography

  • Cox, Richard; Russell, Dave; Vamplew, Wray (2002).
    Encyclopedia of British football. Routledge. ISBN0-7146-5249-0.

  • Crilly, Peter (2007).
    Tops of the Kops: The Consummate Guide to Liverpool’southward Kits. Trinity Mirror Sport Media. ISBN978-1-905266-22-seven.

  • Graham, Matthew (1985).
    Liverpool. Hamlyn Publishing Group. ISBN0-600-50254-6.

  • Kelly, Stephen F. (1999).
    The Boot Room Boys: Inside the Anfield Boot Room. HarperCollins. ISBN0-00-218907-0.

  • Kelly, Stephen F. (1988).
    You’ll Never Walk Lone. Queen Anne Press. ISBN0-356-19594-5.

  • Liversedge, Stan (1991).
    Liverpool:The Official Centenary History. Hamlyn Publishing Group. ISBN0-600-57308-seven.

  • Moynihan, Leo (2009).
    The Pocket Book of Liverpool. Turnaround Publisher Services. ISBN978-1-905326-62-4.

    </ref>
  • Pead, Brian (1986).
    Liverpool A Complete Record. Breedon Books. ISBN0-907969-fifteen-1.

  • Reade, Brian (2009).
    43 Years with the Same Bird. Pan. ISBN978-1-74329-366-9.

External links


  • Official website

    Edit this at Wikidata

Contained websites

  • LFCHistory.net Statistics website
  • Liverpool F.C. on BBC Sport:
    Club news – Contempo results and fixtures
  • Liverpool at Sky Sports
  • Liverpool at Premier League



Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liverpool_F.C.